If you are facing any type of cancer, it is quite normal to get worried. But, in this technologically advanced world, different types of cancer treatments are present. The main goal of all types of cancer treatment is to help you in getting a cure for your cancer. It will help you in getting a normal life span. This may or may not be possible depending upon the specific situation.
Types Of Cancer Treatment: How Cancer Can Be Treated?
Even if the cure is not possible with a particular method, the treatment protocol may be used to reduce cancer, or it can be used to slow down the growth of the cancerous cells. Thus, you will be able to get rid of all signs and symptoms.
Some of the major types of cancer treatment include the use of surgery, radiation, medication, and other types of therapies. These treatment protocols will help in shrinking a cancer cell or stopping the progression of cancer. Different types of cancer treatments are available depending upon your situation. In many cases, you may also need to receive more than one type of treatment.
It is a type of cancer treatment in which different types of drugs are used to destroy cancerous cells. The treatment approach also helps in stopping or slowing the growth of cells. It is also named systemic therapy because the drugs can circulate throughout the body. Depending upon the extent of cell growth, chemotherapy can help in controlling cancer as well as easing the symptoms in patients.
Not all patients have the same type and same extent of cancer. Thus, doctors first try to identify what makes each person’s cancer unique. If the doctor feels that chemotherapy is the best treatment protocol for you, the doctor will then help you in knowing which drugs will be most effective.
Doctors also pay attention to the quality of life and side effects caused by chemotherapy. Patient monitoring is also done after the treatment is completed. Chemotherapy works by attacking the rapidly dividing cells. Sometimes it can also harm the healthy cells in your body. For example, it can harm cells that cause hair growth and cells that make blood cells.
Any damage to healthy cells can lead to multiple side effects during the treatment as well as after the treatment. The care team can help you in suggesting different strategies to minimize symptoms. These days, different new drug-based treatments are available that not only work better but also have fewer side effects.
Many new alternatives to traditional chemo drugs are also available. These drugs work by targeting cancer cells, and they leave normal cells alone.
How can chemotherapy help you?
Before your doctor asks you to get chemotherapy treatment, they will explain to you why it is a good treatment plan for you. For cancers that affect the blood and lymph systems like leukemia and lymphoma, chemotherapy is one of the best treatment options available.
Following are some of the major reasons why chemotherapy can be a good treatment option for you:
- The treatment will help you in destroying cells that may be present in your body after radiation treatment or after surgery.
- Chemotherapy can also help in shrinking tumors before you go for radiation therapy or surgery.
- This treatment protocol is also helpful for treating cancer that comes back and spreads to other parts of the body quickly.
- It is also helpful in boosting the effect of radiation therapy.
- In the long run, it helps in reducing the intensity of the cancer symptom by shrinking tumors.
What are the different ways to receive chemotherapy?
Following the different ways to receive chemotherapy:
- Intravenously: in this method, the drug is delivered into the vein through a thin tube called the catheter.
- It is also used orally in the form of tablets, pills, and capsules that you need to swallow.
- By using injection with a shot in muscles or below the skin
- Sometimes, it is also used in the form of a cream that you need to apply to skin.
- Sometimes, the drugs are delivered to the hepatic artery.
- The intraperitoneal injection can be injected into the abdominal cavity.
- Drugs are also delivered intrathecally, in which the drugs are delivered into the fluid-filled space between the layers of tissues that covers the brain as well as the spinal cord.
Under the process of interventional radiology, a minimally invasive technique is used to perform an ablation procedure. They also use monitors to monitor what is happening inside the patient’s body.
Interventional radiology helps in involving the use of medical imaging to see inside the body. It is also used along with minimally invasive techniques to diagnose and treat cancer. It also helps in providing relief against the symptoms. Different tools like catheters and needles are used to address the medical condition.
The IR technique is used to deliver the cancer-killing radioactive particles, chemotherapy, heat, or cold, or even electric field directly to tumors. Different imaging techniques like CT scan, ultrasound, PET, and MRI can guide the procedure so that your doctor can pinpoint the area and domain of treatment. It also minimizes the effect on normal surrounding tissue.
The conditions that demanded surgery earlier can use interventional radiology. If the treatment can also allow patients to return to their home on the same day. The best part about the IR procedure is that it doesn’t require an incision, and most of the time, it can be done with conscious sedation. Thus, patients don’t have to worry about going through general anesthesia.
The most common types of cancers that can be treated by using the IR technique can include cancer-related to the lung, liver, kidney, and bones. IR is a growing field, and it is being used in the treatment of different types of cancer.
Why is IR used?
IR is basically an image-guided technique that can be used as a primary technique to get rid of different types of tumors. It is also helpful in preventing bleeding caused during surgery or to get relief against pain caused by cancer or by treatment. Many times doctors prescribe IR treatment for those patients who are not well enough to have the surgery.
The image-guided biopsy helps in the diagnosis of cancer as well as draining of infection and abnormal collection of fluid in the chest and abdomen region. They also place devices in chest ports so that patients who receive regular infusions of chemotherapy drugs can have them delivered directly into the bloodstream.
What are the different types of IR processes?
Different IR techniques are used to treat different types of cancers.
- Some of them include ablation, which means burning or the freezing of a tumor, embolization, which means cutting off a tumor’s blood supply.
- Irreversible electroporation is also used as a treatment protocol. Some of the IR techniques are also used to get rid of the pain.
- The vertebroplasty, kyphoplasty, and ablation are the methods that can be used for patients who have tumors in the spine.
Surgery is another treatment method for cancer treatment. In fact, it is the most direct approach for treatment when no other methods work. While some patients may just need surgery to cure the disease, others may need treatment along with radiation, chemotherapy, and other therapies.
Before you choose surgery as a method to treat cancer, it is important to know that stakes are high. If the procedure is done with 100% precision, the chances are that cancer will not come back. It is also beneficial in reducing the risk of other serious complications that can affect your health as well as your everyday bodily function.
When going for a surgical procedure to get rid of cancer, you need to look for super-specialized experts, who will not only help you in removing cancer but can offer the best advice to prevent the disease.
Surgical methods for cancer treatment need a proper collaboration of pathologists, medical oncologists, and surgeons. Additional therapies are also used along with the surgical procedure. Surgeons will also help you in understanding all options. Thus, they will let you know when it is possible to postpone surgery and monitor cancer instead. They use the active surveillance method to understand the condition of the patient.
Active surveillance basically means watchful waiting. The advancement in cancer science has made it possible for doctors to understand when cancer progresses slowly and when it will threaten your health. This way, you may delay the surgery date, and you will also be able to avoid the potential risk and side effects of cancer. The active surveillance method is a proven method that is mostly used in the case of prostate cancer, thyroid cancer, and kidney cancer.
In addition to providing the best cure for cancer by using surgical processes, surgeons also work hard to find the best ways to help patients so that they can normally recover after the treatment is done. For example, surgeons these days use a new surgical procedure that can preserve fertility in patients with early-age cervical cancer. Thus, these advanced techniques make it easy for women to have children who faced cancer in the past.
The surgical approach
The main goal of surgery is to get rid of cancer as much as possible. Sometimes it may be possible to get rid of cancer, and sometimes, it may be possible to slow down the growth of cells. Different tumors are removed by using the surgical process. Tumors in hard-to-reach areas and delicate parts of the body can be removed easily by this process.
Most often, surgery is done by a team of highly-trained experts along with anesthesiologists and nurses. If you are thinking about getting surgery for cancer, you should know that the approach will help you in getting the best chances for survival as well as the best quality of life. Some of the major factors that surgeons take into consideration include:
- The type of cancer you are facing. For example, solid tumors can be removed by surgery, while blood cancer can’t be removed.
- The location of cancer cells in your body.
- The extent of the spread of cancer cells. Whether it has affected the nearby tissues or not.
- The extent and speed of growth of cancer cells in the body.
- Other health conditions of the patients and the ability to recover after the surgery.
Minimal-access surgery for cancer treatment
For some patients, minimal access surgery is a good option. It is a type of surgery in which a robot is used to conduct laparoscopic surgery. During the minimal access surgery, the surgeons perform the same surgery that is done traditionally. But, special instruments and scopes are used to create smaller incisions rather than larger ones.
When you choose the right hospital and the right surgeons, they will help you in knowing which approach will work best for you. The main factor that they have in mind is to look for a surgical technique that will not only help you in curing cancer but also help you in getting a new life. Minimal access surgery is a good option for many patients, but it might not be the best option for everyone.
Sometimes, doctors also recommend radiation and chemotherapy as an option along with the traditional surgical procedure. These treatment options can help in shrinking cancer cells so that they are easy to remove. Chemotherapy and radiation during operation can also be good options to try.
No doubt, cancer is a deadly disease, and anyone who faces this disease gets afraid. But, with the advancement in medical procedures, different treatment options and approaches are available for cancer. The type of treatment is dependent on different factors like the extent of spread, the type of cancer, and the physical and mental health of the patient.
With a variety of treatment options available, you don’t need to worry much. But, try to contact a good hospital or doctor so that you can get the best advice about choosing the best treatment method.
Choose a process that can suit your needs as well as your budget. Let us know if you want to know more about cancer treatment.