Cancer is a disease that everyone dreads. It is noted by the studies that men have a greater mortality rate from the disease compared to women.
Exploring The Different Types, Risk Factors, Treatment Options For Cancer In Men
Cancer in men is quite hard to be detected before they have been spreading rapidly, becoming harder in terms of treatment. So, let us now check out the different types of cancer that can take place in a man’s body and how the subjective treatments are done.
The following are the different kinds of cancer that happen to a man:
Types of Cancers in Men
Among men, lung cancer generally holds the greatest number of fatalities that are reported.
Symptoms of lung cancer
A persistent cough that does not go away even after 2 or 3 weeks is a significant sign of lung cancer. Your fingers become more curved with the ends becoming larger with the changes in the appearance of the fingers. Weight loss that is unexplained with loss of appetite.
Risk Factors for lung cancer
In terms of the risk factors associated with lung cancer, smoking is the ideal cause. Smoking has resulted in almost 80% of deaths related to lung cancer and it is probably even greater for small cell-related lung cancer. Breathing in the smoke of others or passive smoking is another risk related to lung cancer.
Screening For Lung Cancer
Different kinds of cancer tests are used for screening when an individual does not have any symptoms. To check whether they decrease the risk of dying from lung cancer has been studied under the three screening tests.
Treatment options for lung cancer
Local therapies are greatly included under the treatment options for lung cancer as follows:
- Imaging tests.
The abnormal mass or a nodule can be revealed through an X-ray image of your lungs as a CT scan can easily reveal a smaller lesion lying in your lungs that may not be detected easily on an X-ray
- Sputum cytology
Checking out the sputum under the microscope can at times reveal the presence of lung cancer cells if you have a cough and you are producing sputum.
- Tissue sample (biopsy)
In a procedure that is known as a biopsy sample, the cells that are abnormal can be removed with this procedure.
After skin cancer, prostate cancer is the one that is diagnosed most commonly in men. It is noted that one in ten men will be screened in terms of this cancer within their lifetime.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
There are basically no early warning signs in terms of prostate cancer, unfortunately. For several years the disease might be silent as the tumor growing in does not push against anything that would cause pain. For every man and their families here, it is the reason why screening for prostate cancer becomes a vital topic.
Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer
Mainly after the age of 50 is when there are greater risks of prostate cancer. People who are 65 and older are often diagnosed with this disease. A great number of challenges are uniquely faced by older adults who are diagnosed with this kind of cancer.
Screening for Prostate Cancer
The level of the PSA in the blood is measured through a blood test that is known as the prostate antigen or PSA. The substance that is created by the prostate is PSA. In men who are having this cancer, the levels of PSA in the blood are quite high. The prostate is also affected by the rising levels of PSA.
Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer
- Active Surveillance
- Radiation therapy, including seed implants
It is in the colon as well as the rectum from where this kind of cancer commences. Depending on their point of origin, is where these cancers come up, known as colon cancer.
Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer
The following are the kind of received that made people head out to receive a proper diagnosis:
- About 37% of people have blood in their faeces or through their rectum.
- About 35% of people are having abdominal pain.
- 23% are subjected to anaemia
- People are also facing blockage in their bowel movements.
- Patients have also felt inflammation of the stomach lining and having peritonitis.
Risk factors of Colorectal Cancer
When the cell is growing out of control anywhere within the colon as well as the return that is among the last stops for food within the digestive tract is when this kind of cancer happens.
Screening for Colorectal Cancer
It is noted that men at the age of 45 generally are subjected to an average risk of colorectal screening. Screening before the age of 45 might also be recommended by a few of the physicians if the family history of cancer or the lynch syndrome is noted as the personal history of the inflammatory bowel disease or polyps.
Treatment for Colorectal Cancer
The treatment is determined by several factors, including the severity of where it is, along with the medical history of the patient along the recent state of health. Chemotherapy, Surgery, and radiotherapy are the options that are included here.
Pancreatic cancer is one that is occurring in the tissues of the pancreas. The pancreas plays the most significant role in terms of producing enzymes that are much needed by the body for digesting fats, proteins, and carbs and also helping the body digest food.
Symptoms of Pancreatic Cancer
Not always does this kind of cancer is showing any symptoms especially at the earlier stages here however, the following are the things that can be causing this kind of cancer:
- Upper abdominal pain spreading over the back
- Yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes associated with itchiness
- Loss of appetite.
- Weight loss.
- Blood clots.
If you have a few of the symptoms and you have recently developed pancreatitis or diabetes, your physician might be suspecting this kind of cancer.
Risk factors for Pancreatic Cancer
Smoking tobacco can effectively aid the spread of this kind of cancer. Type 2 diabetes is also a significant cause especially for people with older age. The other risk factor included here is obesity as carrying weight around the waist is considered such.
Screening for Pancreatic Cancer
The screening is done with the help of a thin tube with a camera at the end that is passed through the mouth and into the stomach and this process is known as endoscopic ultrasound. The imaging of the pancreas is done through the ultrasound probe at the end of the endoscope through the wall of your stomach. A biopsy of the pancreas can also be obtained during this process if required.
Treatment Options for Pancreatic Cancer
- Radiation therapy
- Targeted therapy
5.Liver & Intrahepatic Bile Duct
This form of cancer is quite rare, being the group of tumors that are quite aggressive, originating anywhere within the bile duct.
Symptoms for Liver & Intrahepatic Bile Duct
Due to the inability of bile to drain normally from the liver where it is being produced are the initial symptoms of this kind of cancer. It can effectively cause inflammation of the liver leading to hepatitis. The skin is turned yellow along with the eyes, itching, abdominal pain, weight loss, as well as bloating are the symptoms of cholangiocarcinoma.
Risk Factors for Liver & Intrahepatic Bile Duct
There are greater chances of developing bile duct cancer for people who have chronic inflammation of bile ducts. The condition in which the inflammation of the bile duct is leading to the formation of scar tissue is known to be the primary sclerosing cholangitis. People with these diseases are much more prone to get this kind of cancer.
Screening for Liver & Intrahepatic Bile Duct
Imagining can also be used for evaluating the structure of the liver, bile ducts, and other related organs here. To check out the tumor and its location, tests like the ultrasound, MRI, CT scan can be performed here.
Another specialized test is performed for the examination of the bile duct entering the duodenum is known as Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).
Treatment for Liver & Intrahepatic Bile Duct
- Stent placement
- Biliary bypass
Leukemia is the type of cancer that significantly affects the bone marrow as well as the bloodstream as it typically takes place when the blood cells of a person are abnormally growing and are completely out of control here.
Symptoms of Leukaemia
The symptoms associated with Leukaemia are fever associated with chills, frequent infections, bone pain along tenderness.
Risk factors for leukemia
Risk factors associated here are family history, genetic disorders, exposure to chemotherapy or radiation, as well as exposure to benzene as well as blood disorders.
Screening for leukemia
A thorough physical examination is done. A complete blood test determining the RBCs count, WBCs, and platelets in your blood. A microscopic examination of your blood to determine if there are any
abnormalities. Biopsies of the bone marrow along with the lymph nodes for determining the kind of Leukaemia.
Treatment options for Leukaemia
It is thoroughly based on the assessment of the risk along with diagnosis in terms of the treatment plan. Administering chemotherapy is what is involved in this administration. It depends on the kind of Leukaemia and whether it is assisted with the lower or higher risk categories associated here with this kind.
The esophagus is generally a tube that is connecting the throat with the stomach. The food generally passes through the esophagus and reaches the stomach.
Symptoms for Esophageal Cancer
Often there are no symptoms that are associated with the early stages of esophageal cancer. The commonest symptom that is involved here is that of difficulty in swallowing. Liquids might be quite hard to swallow if cancer continues to grow.
Risk factors of Esophageal Cancer
Risk factors included here are the consumption of alcohol and smoking. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) along with long-term exposure to chemicals as well as irritants.
Screening for Esophageal Cancer
Endoscopy is done for the examination of the food pipe. For understanding the extent of the disease here, a PET CT scan is also done.
Treatment for Esophageal Cancer
Very early cases can be treated with local excision. In several cases here, it includes the treatment of triple modality, including radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and Surgery.
The form of cancer that is afflicted on anyone is bladder cancer. Let us now check out the probable risk factors and symptoms that are associated here:
Symptoms of Bladder Cancer
The symptoms included here are blood in the urine which is also known as hematuria. Pain while urinating and frequent urination is also the cause.
Risk Factors of Bladder Cancer
Risk factors include here is Smoking and use of smokeless tobacco, old age, Ethnicity (Caucasians run higher risk), Gender (risk huge in men), Earlier battle with cancer, Family history of cancer, UTIs, and Cystitis.
Screening for Bladder Cancer
You need to undergo routine checkups to aid in the identification of any kind of health issues that you are facing and this is extremely vital to keep in mind. You also have to meet with a urologist being the general idea while you are exposed to a greater risk of developing this cancer in your bladder.
Treatment Options for Bladder Cancer
The following are the common treatments that are associated with bladder cancer:
Transurethral Bladder Tumor Resection (TURBT) is the burning or removal of the cancer cells from within the bladder.
Cystectomy including the removal of the bladder or just the part of it.
- Radiation therapy
It is quite vitally indicated that the malignancy of the kidney cells when a person is developing cancer in their kidneys. When the healthy cells are outnumbered by these cells, it eventually leads to the formation of a tumor. There are even several other causes that are associated with kidney cancer.
Symptoms for Kidney Cancer
The symptoms included here if you notice blood in the urine associated with loss of appetite, extreme fatigue, lump within the abdomen, constant and recurring pain in the side with unreasonable weight loss.
Risk factor of Kidney Cancer
Smoking, gender cause, excessive weight gain, use of pain medications, and likewise are the risk factors that are associated with kidney cancer.
Screening for Kidney Cancer
Testing the urine to check out the blood in them along with the other symptoms. Testing the functions of the kidneys through blood tests. Intravenous pyelogram (IVP) along with Ultrasound and CT scan. The screening also includes the MRI and Renal arteriogram.
Treatment Options For Kidney Cancer
- Radical Nephrectomy
- Partial Nephrectomy
- Radiofrequency ablation
- Targeted Therapy
- Radiation Therapy
10.Non – Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
When the cancer cells develop in the lymphoma is when Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma takes place. It is the 7th most common cancer among men from around the world.
Symptoms of NHL
The symptoms included here are cramps or pain in the abdominal region, indigestion, heartburn or chest burn, coughing, unexplained weight loss, and more.
Risk Factors of Non – Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
This disease is most common among men who are 60 years and over making the use of immunosuppressant drugs. An infection including Epstein-Barr virus or HIV and exposure to a greater amount of chemicals, including the weed killer as well as bug spray.
Screening for Non – Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
The screening can be done through X-ray, CT scan, PET scan, Biopsy, and likewise.
Treatments options for Non – Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
- Radiation therapy
Cancer is something that no one wishes to hear of. It is a positive fact of life for several men. Never let the symptoms go unnoticed till it is extremely late. It is time you visited the doctor if you are experiencing any of the symptoms that we have discussed above. It is always best to identify cancer in its early stages to make it well suited to be treated successfully.
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