Cancer is the uncontrollable growth of a few cells that spreads to other parts of the body. The outcomes and their effect on physical and mental health are unsettling. Breast cancer is one of the several types of cancer that the human body may develop. It is not so commonly reported in men but cannot be neglected too. The United States had only 1 case of breast cancer in men out of the 100 breast cancers reports.
There is a lack of information on this topic which leads to various misconceptions about this disease. We are here to answer your questions about breast cancer in men.
What Is Breast Cancer In Men?
All the cells in a body can become cancer, and it can then spread to other parts of the body. To talk specifically about breast cancer today, the first thing that must be accepted is that men can also develop breast cancer.
Men also have breast tissues present in their bodies. When these tissues start to grow uncontrollably, they produce an excessive amount of cells. The cells thus formed result in lump formations, often called a tumor. But the mere presence of swelling does not alone confirm the presence of cancer. The tumors can be malignant (cancerous) or benign (not harmful).
Key Statistics for Breast Cancer in Men
Breast cancer is less likely to occur in men, but its occurrence cannot be denied. The chances of a man developing breast cancer are about 1 in 833. The probability of occurrence of breast cancer is approximately 0.5 to 1%. Reports suggest that at least 1 in every 100 breast cancer reports in the United States is among men. The cases of male breast cancers are seen at a relatively young age in Indian males. Recent studies show that the probability of occurrence of male breast cancer is rising steadily.
What Causes Breast Cancer in Men?
The breast tissues are responsible for the development of breast cancer in men. It is many times neglected that males also have small amounts of breast tissues present in their bodies. These breast tissues include milk-producing glands ( called lobules), ducts for carrying milk to the nipples. These breast tissues are, however, non-functional in men. But the presence of breast cells in men gives a valid reason for the development of breast cancer in men.
The breast tissues when start to grow out of control is when the breast cancer begins. The excessively grown tissues tend to form a tumor. This tumor can be felt as a lump or is otherwise visible on an X-ray. The tumor is malignant (or cancerous) if the cells invade surrounding tissues or metastasize (spread) to distant parts of the body.
Can Breast Cancer in Men Be Prevented?
Yes, breast cancer is preventable to a great extent. All that is required is that the person is staying healthy, is following a healthy eating pattern, and healthy routine.
Being overweight and obese are two serious health issues that invite multiple health problems. Maintaining a healthy weight is the prime and most important thing. A higher amount of weight leads to an increase in the amount of insulin in the body. High insulin levels in the body are linked to breast cancer.
Avoiding sitting leisurely and performing functional activities is essential. Reports suggest that performing regular physical activities reduce the chances of breast cancer.
Healthy eating habits are a necessity, including vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and legumes rich in fiber in your diet. Avoid eating processed meat, items with high sugar content, processed food items, and refined and polished grains.
It is recommended to avoid drinking alcohol. If one decides to continue drinking, the American Cancer Society recommends no more than one alcoholic drink. One alcohol drink contains one ounce of regular beer, or 5 to 6 ounces of wine, and slightly more than one ounce of hard liquor.
Can Breast Cancer in Men Be Found Early?
Yes, it can be done if you keep track of any suspicious swelling and lump around your breast area. Maintain regular self-checks. Check for any lump or swelling in the breast tissues. If you find any lump, keep an eye on its size for a few days. If it is growing and is causing pain, get it diagnosed as soon as possible. Observe any change in skin texture or increase in the size of the breast. Redness, scaling can be indicators of breast cancer.
The Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer in Men
The signs and symptoms of breast cancer in men include:
👉Lump formations, mostly painless but not always.
👉Swelling in breast tissues.
👉 Redness and scaling of the breast skin
👉Discharge from the nipple.
These symptoms do not alone confirm the presence of cancer. But you must get a checkup done if you observe any of these.
Tests for Breast Cancer in Men
There are various treatment methods available for breast cancer. The choice of treatment, however, depends on the severity and condition of cancer in the patient.
Treatments include Mastectomy, Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy, radiation, and systemic therapies.
Mastectomy involves the removal of all the existing breast tissues which may be infected. Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy involves the identification of lymph nodes and their removal. Lymph nodes are the regions from where the spread of cancer is most likely.
There are very few studies available on this topic as compared to research on breast cancer in females. It is mainly reported in women, but it is not true that men cannot have it. Men too have breast tissues, and therefore they can also develop breast cancer. But both precautions and cures are available for it.
Regular self-assessments, a healthy routine, and diet can help you diagnose it at an early stage. Visit a doctor if you observe any symptoms and check for the possible methods of treatment. It is treatable, and patients do come out of it healthy.
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